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What are the methods of treatment for hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids are treated with home treatment, fixative (nonsurgical) procedures, and/or surgery.

Home treatment

Home treatment methods for hemorrhoids mainly involve having healthier bowel habits.

You can avoid making hemorrhoids worse by blotting the anus gently after bowel movements with white toilet paper moistened with water or a cleansing agent such as Balneol or with moistened, medicated pads such as Tucks. Also, avoid rubbing the anal area, and avoid soaps with perfumes or dyes. To relieve symptoms, apply ice several times a day. Also, try applying moist heat, such as warm, damp towels, several times daily, or sitting in warm water (sitz bath).

Other measures you can take at home include increasing the amount of fiber and water in your diet and taking stool softeners. This will help prevent constipation and make stools easier to pass. Changing some of your habits so that you do not strain while having bowel movements will often relieve symptoms caused by both types of hemorrhoids. This also may keep hemorrhoids from becoming bigger. However, although hemorrhoids may shrink, they will not go away.

Fixative procedures

The goal of fixative procedures is to reduce the blood supply to the hemorrhoid, causing the hemorrhoid to shrink or go away. These nonsurgical treatments cure most smaller and some larger internal hemorrhoids. Fixative procedures include tying off hemorrhoids with rubber bands (rubber band ligation); scarring the tissue around the hemorrhoids (coagulation therapy) with devices that use heat, a laser, or an electrical current; and injecting hemorrhoids with chemicals that cause them to shrink (injection sclerotherapy). These are called fixative procedures because the scar that results keeps nearby veins from bulging into the anal canal.

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