Several cancers do not have particular or evident signs and symptoms. Consequently, prevention and proper screenings for cancer are of the utmost value. A lot of cancer screenings are generally age-specific. A primary care physician should advise the appropriate screenings for cancer during yearly check-ups.
Presently there are numerous risk factors that are known to effect and increase the threat of cancer. Healthcare experts advised that individuals take actions to handle their risk by making essential modifications to chosen lifestyle and routine which usually can help minimize their threat of developing several forms of cancer. The National Cancer Institute has reported that some of the most commonly known cancer risk factors include: advancing age (becoming older), the use of tobacco, unprotected exposure to sunlight and ultraviolet rays (UV), ionizing radiation (such as x-rays and radiation treatments), particular known chemicals, biological family history of cancer, use of alcohol, poor diet and higher than suggested body weight.
It is important that older adults discuss health concerns and concerns regarding cancer with their physician simply because the age group with the greatest cancer risk is adults over the age of 65. Just like a lot of other health conditions, cancer is most effectively fought when found and addressed early so preventative steps and age-appropriate screenings are important.
The use of tobacco is one of the leading causes of cancer. Use of tobacco is also one of the leading causes of avoidable deaths and illnesses in the United States. Over four hundred thousand people die each and every year from tobacco-related illnesses, but still a surprising portion of the American population (including young people in junior high and high school) continue to use tobacco and smoke. Quitting the use of tobacco (chewing and smoking) can reduce your own risk of getting various sorts of cancer such as: cancer of the mouth, lung, larynx, mouth, bladder, kidney, stomach, pancreas, cervix, and esophagus. Quitting smoking may also lessen the risk for heart attacks.
Experts recommend avoiding unprotected exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet rays especially during the hottest part of the day which is mid-morning to mid-afternoon. . Unprotected exposure to ultraviolet rays is known to increase the risk for melanoma and can also cause damage to the skin as well as premature aging. It is recommended that when out in the sun, individuals wear clothing (ideally long sleeve, long pants) with UV protection as well as UV protective sunglasses and a protective head covering such as a hat. Taking appropriate precautions and protecting the skin and eyes against UV rays can reduce the risk of cancer.
Ionizing radiation (such as x-rays and radiation therapy treatment) is a known risk factor for cancer. Go over your issues regarding ionizing radiation with your healthcare provider. Frequently the risks associated with x-rays are low and the positive aspects of radiation therapy can often outweigh the risks. Patients are prompted to have open discussions with their doctors regarding the risks related to ionizing radiation.
Workers in industries which regularly use and expose employees to certain chemicals (such as some construction workers, painters, etc) have an elevated risk of cancer. Some chemicals such as asbestos, carcinogens, pesticides, formaldehyde, and vinyl chloride have been confirmed to increase the risk of cancer.
Family history appears to increase the risk of certain types of cancers such as: skin, breast, ovary, prostate, and colon cancer. Some genes that are predisposed to cancer may be passed from parent to child. If you are concerned about your family history, it is important to talk to your doctor about prevention and screenings for early detection.
Disproportionate use of alcohol over many years has been shown to increase the risk of cancer. Experts recommend women drink no more than 1 alcoholic drink per day and men should not indulge in more than 2 alcoholic beverages per day; Drinking more than these amounts in considered excessive and may increase your chances of developing cancer. Drinking alcohol in combination with tobacco use can also increase the risk of cancer.
Lifestyle and weight may contribute to a person’s risk of developing cancer. It is believed that a poor diet that is high in fatty foods increases the risk of cancer of the colon, uterus, and prostate. It is recommended that a person eat a diet rich in vitamins, minerals and fiber. Whole grains, vegetables and fruits are included in a health diet as well as limited intake of fat. Inadequate physical activity and being overweight may increase the risk of developing breast, colon, esophagus, kidney, and uterus cancer. Most doctors recommend that adults get at least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity each day.